Life cycle analysis summary for automotive lithium-ion battery production and recycling

Jennifer B. Dunn, Linda Gaines, Jarod C. Kelly, Kevin G. Gallagher

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Some have raised concerns regarding the contribution of lithium-ion battery pack production to the total electric vehicle energy and emissions profile versus internal combustion vehicles, and about potential battery end-of-life issues. This detailed life cycle analysis (LCA) examines these issues and identifies potential hot-spots within the battery pack life cycle for five cathode materials and a proposed lithium metal anode. The battery assembly stage, identified by some as an energy concern, is determined to be problematic only for "pioneer" plants (i.e. low-throughput facilities), but not for at-capacity plants, and battery electric vehicles with batteries from either facility type outperform conventional vehicles in terms of lowering GHG emissions. For atcapacity plants, the battery materials dominate energy impacts, with cathode materials representing 10-50% of that energy, depending on cathode type. Recycling can further mitigate battery life-cycle impacts, while also being economically attractive for all cathode materials, even those with low elemental values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTMS Annual Meeting
PublisherMinerals, Metals and Materials Society
Pages73-79
Number of pages7
Edition1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventREWAS 2016: Towards Materials Resource Sustainability - TMS 2016: 145th Annual Meeting and Exhibition - Nashville, United States
Duration: Feb 14 2016Feb 18 2016

Other

OtherREWAS 2016: Towards Materials Resource Sustainability - TMS 2016: 145th Annual Meeting and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CityNashville
Period2/14/162/18/16

Keywords

  • Battery recycling
  • Life cycle analysis
  • Lithium-ion battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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