Limitations of aerobic metabolism in critical illness

P. T. Schumacker, L. D H Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the past ten years, we have come to recognize a form of tissue hypoxia that is characterized by an inability of tissues to extract adequate oxygen from an otherwise adequate delivery. In normal tissues, oxygen consumption remains constant at a level determined by metabolic activity, unless delivery is reduced below some critical delivery threshold. Below this threshold, oxygen consumption falls with further reductions in delivery. However, in some states the ability of tissues to extract oxygen from the delivered supply becomes deranged, leading to a dependence of V̇O2 on delivery even at high levels of delivery. This may be viewed as an increase in the critical threshold of delivery. To date, such a defect in the peripheral extraction mechanisms has been identified only in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (ARDS), maintained on a ventilator with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). Indeed, the defect in peripheral oxygen uptake in these patients was recognized when changes in the therapeutic level of PEEP were accompanied by changes in cardiac output, oxygen delivery, and V̇O2. Because we lack sufficient clinical data, we have no way of knowing whether this defect in peripheral O2 uptake is limited to patients with acute lung failure maintained on PEEP, or whether it may extend to patients with sepsis, trauma, or hypotension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-454
Number of pages2
JournalCHEST
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Limitations of aerobic metabolism in critical illness'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this