Computed tomography is a well-established x-ray imaging technique to reconstruct the three-dimensional structure of objects. It has been used extensively in a variety of fields, from diagnostic imaging to materials and biological sciences. One major challenge in some applications, such as in electron or x-ray tomography systems, is that the projections cannot be gathered over all the angles due to the sample holder setup or shape of the sample. This results in an ill-posed problem called the limited angle reconstruction problem. Typical image reconstruction in this setup leads to distortion and artifacts, thereby hindering a quantitative evaluation of the results. To address this challenge, we use a generative model to effectively constrain the solution of a physics-based approach. Our approach is self-training that can iteratively learn the nonlinear mapping from partial projections to the scanned object. Because our approach combines the data likelihood and image prior terms into a single deep network, it is computationally tractable and improves performance through an end-to-end training. We also complement our approach with total-variation regularization to handle high-frequency noise in reconstructions and implement a solver based on alternating direction method of multipliers. We present numerical results for various degrees of missing angle range and noise levels, which demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
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