LiNa5Mo9O30: Crystal Growth, Linear, and Nonlinear Optical Properties

Weiguo Zhang, Hongwei Yu, Jacqueline Cantwell, Hongping Wu, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, P. Shiv Halasyamani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


We report on the crystal growth, linear, and nonlinear optical properties of LiNa5Mo9O30. The refractive indices were measured, and a very large birefringence of 0.2545 at 450.2 nm was determined. In addition, calculated phase-matching curves indicate that LiNa5Mo9O30 can achieve noncritical type I and type II phase-matching (NCPM) for incident 1064 nm radiation. Maker fringe measurements, to determine individual nonlinear optical coefficients, were also performed on the crystals resulting in d31 = 1.4 pm/V, d32 = 4.3 pm/V, and d33 = 1.1 pm/V. The laser damage threshold (LDT) is around 1.2 GW/cm2 at 1064 nm using a 6 ns Nd:YAG laser operating at 5 Hz. The quality of the crystals was measured by high resolution X-ray diffraction rocking curve measurements that revealed a full width at half-maximum (fwhm) of 59″ from the (001) reflection. The absorption edge was determined to be 357 nm, with transmission up to 5.26 μm. Our results indicate that single crystal LiNa5Mo9O30 is an excellent polarizer as well as second-order nonlinear optical material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4483-4491
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 28 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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