Linking speech errors and phonological grammars: Insights from Harmonic Grammar networks

Matthew Goldrick*, Robert Daland

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phonological grammars characterise distinctions between relatively well-formed (unmarked) and relatively ill-formed (marked) phonological structures. We review evidence that markedness influences speech-error probabilities. Specifically, although errors result in unmarked as well as marked structures, there is a markedness asymmetry: errors are more likely to produce unmarked outcomes. We show that stochastic disruption to the computational mechanisms realising a Harmonic Grammar (HG) can account for the broad empirical patterns of speech errors. We demonstrate that our proposal can account for the general markedness asymmetry. We also develop methods for linking particular HG proposals to speech-error distributions, and illustrate these methods using a simple HG and a set of initial consonant errors in English.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-185
Number of pages39
JournalPhonology
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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