Following injection of [1-14C]acetate into the sphinx moth, Manduca sexta, radiolabel was incorporated into lipid components of the major hemolymph lipoprotein, adult high density lipophorin (HDLp-A). Analysis of the labeled lipids by thin layer chromatography and radiochromatogram scanning revealed incorporation of radioactivity into the diacylglycerol (DAG) and hydrocarbon components as well as a third lipid fraction of unknown identity. Lipid transfer experiments were carried out using 14C-lipid HDLp-A and human low density lipoprotein (LDL) as donor/acceptor substrates and M. sexta lipid transfer particle (LTP) as catalyst. In control incubations lacking LTP, nearly all of the radiolabeled lipid remained associated with HDLp-A. LTP, however, induced a time-dependent vectorial transfer of radiolabeled lipid from HDLp-A to LDL. Lipid analysis of the LDL fraction, reisolated following the transfer reaction, revealed that labeled lipid components originally associated with HDLp-A were present in the acceptor LDL particles. The recovery of radiolabeled hydrocarbon associated with LDL demonstrates the capacity of LTP to facilitate transfer of these long chain, extremely hydrophobic, lipids and suggests LTP may function as a mediator of hydrocarbon transport and metabolism in vivo. When acceptor LDL particles were analyzed prior to complete transfer of HDLp-A-associated lipid it was observed that DAG was transferred preferentially during the initial stages of the reaction after which hydrocarbon transfer increased. This result suggests that LTP may have a lipid substrate preference for DAG versus hydrocarbon. Alternatively the observed preference for DAG may be a function of the relative accessibility of the substrates within the donor lipoprotein. In other experiments it was demonstrated that, unlike other lipids associated with HDLp-A, free fatty acid spontaneously transfers to LDL in the absence of lipid transfer catalyst.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology