Lipopolysaccharide activates nuclear factor kB in rat intestine: Role of endogenous platelet-activating factor and tumour necrosis factor

Isabelle G. De Plaen, Xiao Di Tan, Hong Chang, Liya Wang, Daniel G. Remick, Wei Hsueh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

1. We examined the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a cell wall constituent of Gram negative bacteria, on nuclear factor kB (NF-kB) activation in the intestine and the roles of endogenous platelet-activating factor (PAF), tumour necrosis factor-A (TNF) and neutrophils. We also compared the time course of NF-kB activation in response to PAF and LPS. 2. Ileal nuclear extracts from LPS (8 mg kg-1, IV)-injected rats were assayed for NF-kB-DNA-binding activity and identification of the subunits. Some rats were pretreated with WEB2170 (a PAF receptor antagonist), anti-TNF antibody, or anti-neutrophil antiserum. NF-kB p65 was localized by immunohistochemistry. An additional group was challenged with PAF (2 mg kg-1, IV) for comparison. 3. LPS activates intestinal NF-kB, both as p50-p50 and p50-p65 dimers within 15 min, and the effect peaks at 2 h. The effect is slower and more sustained than that of PAF, which peaks at 30 min. Activated NF-kB was immunolocalized within epithelial and lamina propria cells. LPS effect was reduced by 41, 37 and 44, respectively, in animals pretreated with WEB2170, anti-TNF antibody, or anti-neutrophil antiserum (P < 0.05). 4. LPS activates intestinal NF-kB in vivo and neutrophil activation is involved in its action. The LPS effect is mediated by both endogenous PAF and TNF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-314
Number of pages8
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology
Volume129
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • In vivo
  • Inflammation
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Transcription factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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