Lipoxin A4 and serum amyloid a differentially modulate phospholipase D in human fibroblast-like synoviocytes

S. Sodin-Semrl*, G. Antico, R. Mikus, K. Lakota, J. Varga, S. Fiore

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Lipoxin A4 (LXA4) and serum amyloid A (SAA) are endogenous negative and positive modulators of inflammation, respectively. Both molecules bind the shared lipoxin A4 receptor (ALX) and elicit opposing effects on the production of inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases. The aim of these studies is to examine the divergence of the intracellular signaling pathways triggered by lipid LXA4 (1 nM) and protein SAA (200 nM) ligands of ALX. Phospholipase D (PLD) is a phosphohydrolase enzyme that catalyzes the generation of phosphatidic acid (PA) from membrane phospholipids. Our results showed that in fibroblast-like synoviocytes, activation of PLD occurred only in response to LXA4, and not SAA. PA (30 μM) mimicked LXA4 and demonstrated inhibition of IL-8 production induced by SAA or interleukin-1β. In sharp contrast to LXA4, SAA confirmed the stimulation of IL-8 release as determined previously. Taken together, these findings suggest that two physiologic ligands sharing the common ALX receptor, LXA4 and SAA, differentially regulate the level of PLD activation and differentially modulate IL-8. These results may have important implications for understanding the regulation of inflammatory responses under physiologic and pathological conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Inflammation
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Inflammation
  • Lipid mediators
  • Lipoxin
  • Phosphatidic acid
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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