Live cell imaging of the HIV-1 life cycle

Edward M. Campbell*, Thomas J. Hope

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Technology developed in the past 10 years has dramatically increased the ability of researchers to directly visualize and measure various stages of the HIV type 1 (HIV-1) life cycle. In many cases, imaging-based approaches have filled critical gaps in our understanding of how certain aspects of viral replication occur in cells. Specifically, live cell imaging has allowed a better understanding of dynamic, transient events that occur during HIV-1 replication, including the steps involved in viral fusion, trafficking of the viral nucleoprotein complex in the cytoplasm and even the nucleus during infection and the formation of new virions from an infected cell. In this review, we discuss how researchers have exploited fluorescent microscopy methodologies to observe and quantify these events occurring during the replication of HIV-1 in living cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)580-587
Number of pages8
JournalTrends in Microbiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology


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