Loans on sale: Credit market seasonality, borrower need, and lender rents

Justin Murfin, Mitchell Petersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The market for corporate credit is characterized by significant seasonal variation, both in interest rates and the volume of new lending. Firms borrowing from banks during seasonal “sales” in late spring and fall issue at 19 basis points cheaper than winter and summer borrowers. Issuers during cheap seasons appear to have less immediate needs, but are enticed by low rates to engage in precautionary borrowing. High-interest-rate periods capture borrowers with unanticipated, non-deferrable investment needs. Consistent with models of intertemporal price discrimination, seasonality is strongly associated with market concentration among a few large banks with repeated interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-326
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Financial Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016


  • Credit market competition
  • Intertemporal price discrimination
  • Seasonality
  • Syndicated loans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management


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