Results of self-consistent all-electron local (spin) density functional studies of the electronic and magnetic properties of vanadium (100) 1-, 3-, 5- and 7-layers films are reported using our full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FLAPW) method. The calculated work function, 4.2 eV, agrees very well with the experimental value of 4.12 eV. From both Stoner factor analyses and spin-polarized total energy calculations, it is concluded that V(100) undergoes a ferromagnetic phase transition only for the monolayer system. The magnetic moment is found to be 3.09μB per atom of this monolayer film and to have a total energy 57 mRy below that of the paramagnetic structure. For multilayer V(001) systems, the sharp surface density-of-states peak which is characteristic of the occurrence of surface magnetism in the 3d transition metals is located 0.3 eV above the Fermi level. As a result, the paramagnetic state is stable. In addition, no enhancement of the exchange-correlation integral is found for the surface atoms compared with the bulk value. The lower energy of the paramagnetic structure is further supported by total energy investigations of the multilayer relaxation of V(100) - the calculated interlayer spacings for the paramagnetic surface with a 9% contraction of the topmost interlayer spacing and a 1% expansion of the second interlayer spacing with respect to its bulk value are in good agreement with LEED measurements. It is suggested that the surface magnetism of V(100) may be associated with surface oxygen or caused by impurity induced surface reconstructions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics