Localizable Button Click Rendering via Active Lateral Force Feedback

Heng Xu*, Roberta L. Klatzky, Michael A. Peshkin, J. Edward Colgate

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this article, we have developed a novel button click rendering mechanism based on active lateral force feedback. The effect can be localized because electroadhesion between a finger and a surface can be localized. Psychophysical experiments were conducted to evaluate the quality of a rendered button click, which subjects judged to be acceptable. Both the experiment results and the subjects' comments confirm that this button click rendering mechanism has the ability to generate a range of realistic button click sensations that could match subjects' different preferences. We can, thus, generate a button click on a flat surface without macroscopic motion of the surface in the lateral or normal direction, and can localize this haptic effect to an individual finger.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9079670
Pages (from-to)552-561
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Haptics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • Active force
  • button click rendering
  • lateral force feedback
  • localized control
  • surface haptics
  • touch-typing keyboard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications


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