Digestion of the rat liver glucocorticoid receptor with chymotrypsin results in the generation of a 42-kDa fragment which contains the steroid-binding and DNA-binding domains and the antigenic site for the BuGr anti-glucocorticoid receptor monoclonal antibody, while digestion with trypsin generates a 15-kDa receptor fragment containing only the DNA-binding function and the BuGR epitope (Eisen, L.P., Reichman, M.E. Thompson, E.B., Gametchu, B., Harrison, R.W., and Eisen, H.J. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 11805-11810). In this paper, glucocorticoid receptor of mouse L cells that were grown in the presence of [32P]orthophosphate was digested with trypsin or chymotrypsin (either before or after immune purification with BuGR antibody) and analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, autoradiography, and Western blotting. The receptor is endogenously phosphorylated only on serine residues. Chymotrypsin digestion results in a 32P-labeled 42-kDa receptor fragment which contains steroid-binding. DNA-binding, and BuGR-reactive sites. Trypsin digestion generates a 27-kDa steroid-bound fragment (meroreceptor) which is not labeled with 32P and a 32P-labeled 15-kDa fragment which contains both the DNA-binding domain and the BuGR epitope. We have calculated that there are 4 times as many phosphate residues in the intact receptor than in the 42-kDa chymotrypsin fragment. From examination of 32P-labeled receptor fragments, we have deduced that one phosphate is located between amino acids 398 and 447, a region containing the BuGr epitope and about one-third of the DNA-binding domain, and the remaining three phosphates appear to be clustered just to the amino-terminal side of the BuGR epitope in a region defined by amino acids 313 to 369. Treatment of intact 32P-labeled receptor in cytosol with alkaline phosphatase removes these three phosphates, but it does not remove the phosphate from the DNA-binding-BuGR-reactive fragment and it does not affect the ability of the transformed receptor to bind to DNA-cellulose.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology