Long-term immunologic and virologic responses on raltegravir-containing regimens among ART-experienced participants in the HIV Outpatient Study

Kate Buchacz*, Ryan Wiegand, Carl Armon, Joan S. Chmiel, Kathleen Wood, John T. Brooks, Frank J. Palella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Raltegravir (RAL)-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) produced better immunologic and virologic responses than optimized background ART in clinical trials of heavily ART-experienced patients, but few data exist on long-term outcomes in routine HIV care. Methods: We studied ART-experienced HIV outpatient study (HOPS) participants seen at 10 US HIV-specialty clinics during 2007-2011.We identified patients who started (baseline date) either continuous ≥30 days of RAL-containing orRAL-sparingART, and used propensity score (PS)matchingmethods to account for baseline clinical and demographic differences. We used Kaplan-Meier methods and log-rank tests for the matched subsets to evaluate probability of death, achievingHIV RNA<50 copies/ml, andCD4 cell count (CD4) increase ofi50 cells mm-3 during follow-up. Results:Among 784 RAL-exposed and 1062 RAL-unexposed patients, 472 fromeach group were matched by PS. At baseline, the 472 RAL-exposed patients (mean nadir CD4, 205 cells mm-3; mean baseline CD4, 460 cells mm-3; HIV RNA <50 copies ml-1 in 61%; mean years on prescribed ART, 7.5) were similar to RAL unexposed. During a mean follow-up of over 3 years, mortality rates and immunologic and virologic trajectories did not differ between the two groups. Among patients with detectable baseline HIV RNA levels, 76% of RAL-exposed and 63% of RAL-unexposed achieved HIV RNA <50 copies ml-1 (P=0.51); 69 and 58%, respectively, achieved a CD4 increase≥50 cells mm-3 (P=0.70). Discussion: In our large cohort of US ART-experienced patients with a wide spectrum of clinical history, similar outcomes were observed when prescribed RAL containing versus other contemporary ART.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
JournalHIV Clinical Trials
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Clinical outcomes
  • HIV cohort
  • Mortality
  • Raltegravir
  • Viral load
  • Viremia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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