Long-term outcomes in cancer patients who did or did not pursue fertility preservation

Molly B. Moravek, Rafael Confino, Kristin N. Smith, Ralph R. Kazer, Susan C. Klock, Angela K. Lawson, William J. Gradishar, Mary Ellen Pavone*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


Objective: To compare long-term outcomes of cancer patients who pursued fertility preservation (FP) with those who did not and compare random-start (RS) and menstrual cycle–specific (CS) protocols for FP. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: Single urban academic institution. Patient(s): Oncology patients who contacted the FP patient navigator, 2005–2015. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Time to cancer treatment, disease-free survival, and reproductive outcomes in FP versus no-FP patients and cycle outcomes for RS versus CS protocols. Data were analyzed by χ2 and logistic regression. Result(s): Of 497 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 41% elected FP. The median number of days to cancer treatment was 33 and 19 days in the FP and no-FP groups, respectively. There was no difference in cancer recurrence or mortality. There were no differences in stimulation parameters, outcomes, or days to next cancer treatment in RS versus CS protocols. Twenty-one patients returned to use cryopreserved specimens, resulting in 16 live births. Eight of 21 returning patients used a gestational carrier. Thirteen FP (6.4%) and 16 no-FP (5.5%) patients experienced a spontaneous pregnancy. Conclusion(s): FP is both safe and efficacious for eligible cancer patients. Only 10% of patients returned to use cryopreserved specimens, and almost half used a gestational carrier, suggesting the need for further research into reproductive decision-making in cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-355
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2018


  • Cancer outcomes
  • IVF
  • fertility preservation
  • oncofertility
  • recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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