Long-term outcomes in mothers diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus and their offspring

Boyd E. Metzger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

172 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at high lifetime risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. The magnitude of risk for cardiovascular disease after GDM is less well established. Recently, intervention trials using lifestyle modification or medications used to treat type 2 DM have successfully prevented/delayed development of DM in women after GDM. Offspring of mothers with GDM are at risk for development of obesity and abnormal glucose metabolism during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Factors responsible for these risks are not fully understood. Having fetal hyperinsulinism is a risk factor for development of both obesity and abnormal glucose metabolism, and might be implicated in pathophysiology. It remains to be established whether the long-term effects of exposure to diabetes mellitus during intrauterine development can be prevented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)972-979
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Mothers
  • Obesity
  • Offspring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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