Long-term results of radical retropubic prostatectomy in men with high grade carcinoma of the prostate

Michael G. Oefelein*, Norm D. Smith, John T. Grayhack, Anthony J. Schaeffer, Kevin T. McVary

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We sought to determine the efficacy of radical retropubic prostatectomy in men with high grade adenocarcinoma of the prostate in a population that had not been screened for prostate specific antigen (PSA). Materials and Methods: An inception cohort of 116 men surgically treated for prostate cancer between 1980 and 1991 was created in April 1992 and prospectively followed thereafter. Median followup was 7 years (range 2.2 to 14.6). Results: The major cause of death in this group of men was prostate cancer, not competing causes. Ten-year disease specific survival was 96% for organ confined (stage pT2c or less) and 78% for unconfined (stage pT3a or greater) disease. Five and 10-year PSA progression-free survival by pathological stage was 83 and 53% for organ confined disease, and 34 and 22% for unconfined disease with negative pelvic lymph node dissection (p = 0.001). Five and 10-year metastasis-free survival was 96% for organ confined disease, and 81 and 62% for unconfined disease (p = 0.011). Men with pelvic lymph node metastasis had 70 and 30% 5 and 10-year metastasis-free survival, and 75 and 55% disease specific survival, respectively. PSA progression-free survival was 33% at 5 years. A significantly decreased risk of PSA progression was observed in men with unconfined carcinoma who received adjuvant external beam radiotherapy. Conclusions: In men with high grade prostate cancer the major cause of death was prostate cancer, not competing causes. Pathologically confined carcinoma had a significantly decreased rate of metastatic progression. These observations support the bias that early detection in these men at high risk for cause specific death may favorably impact survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1460-1465
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume158
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1997

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Prostate
  • Prostate- specific antigen
  • Prostatectomy
  • Prostatic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term results of radical retropubic prostatectomy in men with high grade carcinoma of the prostate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this