Long-term retinal vasculature abnormalities following intravitreal bevacizumab for retinopathy of prematurity

Amir Sternfeld, Safa Rahmani, Jennifer L. Rossen, David L. Zhang, Yuping D. Li, Victor L. Quan, Russell Huang, Hawke H. Yoon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To report long-term fluorescein angiography (FA) findings in consecutive patients with type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB), whose ROP seemed to have resolved clinically. Methods: Data were retrospectively collected for all patients with IVB-treated type 1 ROP who underwent an exam under anesthesia (EUA) and FA at 60 weeks post-gestational age (PGA) or older at a tertiary medical center between 2011 and 2020. FA results were reviewed for pathological vascular findings. Results: Twenty-nine eyes of 16 patients were included. Mean gestational age and birth weight were 25.3 ± 1.5 weeks and 762.2 ± 189.8 g, respectively. The mean age at the time of EUA and FA was 23.4 ± 15.8 months. All eyes had a peripheral avascular zone and irregular peripheral branching. Vascular loops were seen in 27 eyes (93.1%) and vascular bulbs and anastomoses in 16 eyes each (55.2%). Additional abnormal findings included leakage (10 eyes, 34.5%), vessels crossing the fovea (5 eyes, 17.2%), tortuous arteries and veins (9 eyes, 31%, and 5 eyes, 17.2%, respectively), and neovascularization (2 eyes, 6.9%). When comparing patients who were less than or greater than 70 weeks PGA at follow-up, FA findings in the group with shorter follow-up were significant for more anastomoses and vascular bulbs (p = 0.002 and p = 0.024, respectively) and trended towards more leakage (45.5% vs. 27.8%, p = 0.331). Conclusion: The vast majority of IVB-treated type 1 ROP eyes suffered from vascular pathologies long after treatment. There may be long-term progression in the vascularization process of the retina in some cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Bevacizumab
  • Fluorescein angiography
  • Retinopathy of prematurity
  • Vasculature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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