Longitudinal Changes in, and Factors Associated with, the Frequency of Condomless Sex Among People in Care for HIV Infection, HIV Outpatient Study USA, 2007–2019

and the HOPS Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During 2007–2019, the percentage of HIV Outpatient Study participants reporting anal or vaginal condomless sex in the past 6 months ranged from a low of 17% among heterosexual males to 59% for men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM reported having had condomless sex more frequently than heterosexual males and females and were the only group in which an increase in condomless sex was observed during the study period (from 39 to 59%). Although persons with undetectable HIV viral load have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV sexually (U = U), there is still the potential risk of transmission or acquisition of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) when engaging in condomless sex. Continuing education about risks of HIV and STI transmission as well as ongoing screening for and treatment of STIs, retention in HIV treatment, and support for sexual health are critical components of care for people living with HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAIDS and behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Condomless sex
  • HIV
  • Longitudinal
  • Risk behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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