We develop a statistical physics theory for solid-solid phase transitions in which a metamaterial undergoes longitudinal contraction in response to increase in external tension. Such transitions, which are forbidden in thermodynamic equilibrium, have recently been shown to be possible during the decay of metastable, super-strained states. We present a first-principles model to predict these transitions and validate it using molecular dynamics simulations. Aside from its immediate mechanical implications, our theory points to a wealth of analogous inverted responses, such as inverted susceptibility or heat-capacity transitions, allowed when considering realistic scales.
- Phase transitions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics