Longitudinal trends in food cravings following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in an adolescent sample

Christopher C. Cushing*, James L. Peugh, Cassie S. Brode, Thomas H. Inge, Stephen C. Benoit, Meg H. Zeller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Food cravings are more prevalent and potentially problematic for many individuals with obesity. Initial evidence suggests that bariatric surgery has some short-term beneficial effects on cravings in adults, but little is known about the effect on adolescents or the trajectory beyond 6 months. Methods The purpose of the present study was to determine the longitudinal effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on food cravings in a sample of adolescents with severe obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m2). Sixteen adolescents were recruited and underwent RYGB. Participants completed the Food Craving Inventory before RYGB, and 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively. The present study took place in a single pediatric tertiary care hospital. Results RYGB produced a negative (cravings decreased as time increased) nonlinear trend for total food cravings as well as for each individual subscale (sweets, high fat foods, carbohydrates, fast food) over the 24-month study period. This means that while cravings decrease postsurgically, there is a decline in the slope with the line reaching asymptote at approximately 18 months. BMI change was not a significant predictor of food cravings, but low statistical power may account for this lack of significance. Conclusion These findings provide preliminary evidence that RYGB decreases food cravings in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-18
Number of pages5
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Food cravings
  • Longitudinaldata
  • Roux-en-Ygastricbypass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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