Long‐term follow‐up of prosthetic joint replacement in hemophilia

Nasim A. Rana, Gary R. Shapiro, David Green*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the outcome of seven severe hemophilic patients who underwent four total hip and four total knee arthroplasties since 1976. These patients have been followed at regular intervals over a period of 2.5–9.5 years (mean 5.8). Of the four total hip replacements, one had to be removed because of loosening and secondary infection 3 years after the initial surgery but was salvaged by pseudoarthrosis; the other three are pain‐free and radiologically stable and have an excellent range of motion 2.5, 5, and 7 years postoperatively. Of the four total knee replacements, one had to be removed because of infection but was successfully salvaged by arthrodesis; one patient has loose components, but the prosthesis is still functional; and the final patient with bilateral knee prostheses is pain‐free with limited but functional range of motion. Clotting‐factor replacement therapy was effective in controlling intraoperative bleeding, even in a patient with an inhibitor, and only one procedure was complicated by hematoma formation. We conclude that prosthetic joint replacement may be safely performed in hemophilic patients but should be reserved for those who have limited function because of severe pain, joint destruction, and deformity. Total hip arthroplasty is as successful in these patients as in nonhemophiliacs. Total knee arthroplasty provides relief of pain, reduces the frequency of hemarthroses, and corrects most of the deformity, but it is usually associated with a limited range of motion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-337
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

Keywords

  • hemophilic arthropathy
  • joint surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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