Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a potential regulator of prostate cancer cell growth that signals through a heteromeric complex composed of type I and type II receptors. In the present study, an attempt was made to establish a correlation between expression of TGF-β receptors and tumor grade in archival human prostate cancer tissues. To this end, immunohistochemical studies for TGF-β receptors were carried out on 32 cases of human prostate cancer and 8 samples of benign human prostate. In both benign and malignant human prostate tissues, immunoreactivity for both type I and type II receptors was detected predominantly in epithelial cells. In addition, there was an inverse correlation between the loss of expression of TGF-β1 type I and type II receptors and the tumor grade. Of the 32 prostate cancer cases screened, staining was completely absent in four samples for type II receptor (P < 0.05) and eight samples for type I receptor (P < 0.025). In contrast, all eight samples of benign prostate tissues investigated in this study showed strong staining for both type I and type II receptors. These results, taken together, indicate that human prostate cancer cells frequently have loss of expression of TGF-β type I and/or type II receptors. Furthermore, these observations provide a potential mechanism for prostate cancer cells to escape the growth-inhibitory effect of TGF-β.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Aug 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research