The biological behavior of pediatric gliomas and embryonal tumors can be highly variable. A few case reports have described differentiation of primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) and medulloblastomas, presumably induced by adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation. Herein we describe a case of a congenital supratentorial high-grade tumor with astrocytic features that, after near-total surgical resection, was not treated with adjuvant therapies. Thirteen years later the patient presented with recurrent tumor at the original surgical site. The recurrent tumor had completely different morphology compared to the original, with evidence of ganglion cell differentiation and changes more reminiscent of a low-grade pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first documented case of an untreated high-grade pediatric tumor that spontaneously differentiated into a low grade tumor. The clinical and biological implications of this are briefly discussed.
- Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Neurology