Low-lying electronic structure of EuH, EuOH, and EuO neutrals and anions determined by anion photoelectron spectroscopy and DFT calculations

Jared O. Kafader, Manisha Ray, Caroline Chick Jarrold*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The anion photoelectron (PE) spectra of EuH- and the PE spectrum of overlapping EuOH- and EuO- anions are presented and analyzed with supporting results from density functional theory calculations on the various anions and neutrals. Results point to ionically bound, high-spin species. EuH and EuOH anions and neutrals exhibit analogous electronic structures: Transitions from 8Σ- anion ground states arising from the 4f7σ6s2 superconfiguration to the close-lying neutral 9Σ- and 7Σ- states arising from the 4f7σ6s superconfiguration are observed spaced by an energy interval similar to the free Eu+ [4f76s] 9S - 7S splitting. The electron affinities (EAs) of EuH and EuOH are determined to be 0.771 ± 0.009 eV and 0.700 ± 0.011 eV, respectively. Analysis of spectroscopic features attributed to EuO- photodetachment is complicated by the likely presence of two energetically competitive electronic states of EuO- populating the ion beam. However, based on the calculated relative energies of the close-lying anion states arising from the 4f7σ6s and 4f6σ6s2 configurations and the relative energies of the one-electron accessible 4f7 and 4f6σ6s neutral states based on ligand-field theory [M. Dulick, E. Murad, and R. F. Barrow, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 385 (1986)], the remaining features are consistent with the 4f6σ6s27Σ- and 4f7σ6s7Σ- anion states lying very close in energy (the former was calculated to be 0.15 eV lower in energy than the latter), though the true anion ground state and neutral EA could not be established unambiguously. Calculations on the various EuO anion and neutral states suggest 4f-orbital overlap with 2p orbitals in species with 4f6 occupancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034305
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 21 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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