Low Lying Magnetic States of the Mixed Valence Cobalt Ludwigite

Maria Oswald Machado Matos*, Joice Terra, Donald Ellis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


There are two interpretations offered for the different structural and magnetic properties of the mixed valence homometallic ludwigites, Co3O2BO3 and Fe3O2BO3. One of them associates the physical behavior to charge ordering processes among the cations, as is well known in simpler oxides. The other attributes the effects to local pairwise magnetic interactions. Recently, first-principles calculations in the iron ludwigite have shown that the structural cation dimerization is due to the formation of strong magnetic dyads supporting the second model. Herein, the dominance of magnetic interactions to explain the absence of dimerization in the cobalt compound is confirmed. Density functional noncollinear spin calculations are carried out on Co3O2BO3 to determine its low-temperature magnetic order. Low spin is found on trivalent cobalt sites, thus preventing the formation of the ferromagnetic dyad, the mechanism which favors dimerization in Fe3O2BO3. It is concluded that the difference between high-spin Fe3+ and low-spin Co3+ pairwise interactions is responsible for the observed differences between the two compounds. The pairwise magnetic interactions also explain the difference between the existence of low-temperature bulk antiferromagnetic state in the Fe ludwigite and its absence in the Co material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1900298
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • cobalt ludwigite
  • computational physics
  • density functional theory
  • dimerization hindrance
  • magnetic domains
  • magnetic low-lying states
  • non-collinear spin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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