Low-voltage, polarization-insensitive, electro-optic modulator based on a polydomain barium titanate thin film

Pingsheng Tang*, D. J. Towner, A. L. Meier, Bruce W Wessels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

A BaTiO 3 thin-film electro-optic waveguide modulator with a half-wave voltage-interaction length product (V πL) of 1.1 V cm at 1.55-μm wavelength is demonstrated. The half-wave voltage and the measured effective electro-optic coefficient are 3.3 V and 162 pm/V, respectively. The half-wave voltage increases less than 10% over a temperature range of 23-90°C. Polarization-independent electro-optic modulation was observed and attributed to the polydomain structure of the BaTiO 3 film. The unique combination of large electro-optic coefficient and polarization independence illustrates how engineered domain structures in ferroelectric thin films can enable properties and performance unachievable in bulk single crystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4615-4617
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume85
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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