Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained for this HIPAA-compliant study, whose purpose was to prospectively evaluate the use of a dual-contrast mechanism in conjunction with an iron oxide blood pool contrast agent, ferumoxytol, to depict deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Nine patients with lower extremity DVT detected with duplex ultrasonography (US) were imaged with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and ferumoxytol. Three techniques, including precontrast two-dimensional time-of-flight (TOF) imaging, ferumoxytol-enhanced bright-blood imaging, and ferumoxytol-enhanced dark-blood imaging, were applied. Image quality for precontrast and ferumoxytol-enhanced images was analyzed by using a four-point scale. Thrombus was depicted as a filling defect within the blood pool on bright-blood images and as bright tissue that appeared highly contrasted against a dark background on dark-blood images. Image quality of ferumoxytol-enhanced images was uniformly superior to that of precontrast TOF images (P = .007). Compared with precontrast TOF images, ferumoxytol-enhanced bright-blood images had higher contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) between thrombus and blood (P = .051), whereas ferumoxytol-enhanced dark-blood images showed significantly higher CNRs between thrombus and surrounding muscle (P = .008). Ferumoxytol-enhanced MR imaging can depict DVT with a dual-contrast mechanism and show the extent of thrombus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology