Lower extremity peripheral artery disease in the absence of traditional risk factors. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Victor Aboyans*, Robyn L. McClelland, Matthew A. Allison, Mary Mc Grae McDermott, Roger S. Blumenthal, Katarzyna Macura, Michael H. Criqui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (LE-PAD), is strongly related to traditional risk factors (smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes). We hypothesized that the prevalence of LE-PAD in the absence of traditional CVD risk factors is not negligible, and that this condition would remain associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in other territories. Methods: In the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, we classified participants without any traditional risk factor according to their ankle-brachial index (ABI) into 3 groups: low (<1.00), normal (1.00-1.30) and high (>1.30) ABI. Coronary or carotid artery diseases were defined by the presence of any coronary artery calcification (CAC score > 0) or carotid plaque, respectively. Results: Among the 6814 participants, 1932 had no traditional risk factors. A low- and high ABI were found in 176 (9%) and 149 (7.8%) cases, respectively. Lower glomerular filtration rate (OR: 0.88/10 units, p= 0.04) and higher Interleukin-6 levels (OR: 1.42/natural-log unit, p= 0.02) were associated with low ABI. Past smoking (cessation > 10 years) and pulse pressure had borderline association with low ABI. In adjusted models, low-ABI was significantly associated with CAC prevalence (OR: 1.22, p< 0.03). No significant association was found with carotid plaque. Conclusion: In the absence of traditional CVD risk factors, LE-PAD is still common and associated with coronary artery disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-173
Number of pages5
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume214
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Risk
  • Subclinical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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