Lung disease and coal mining: What pulmonologists need to know

Leonard H T Go, Silpa D. Krefft, Robert A. Cohen, Cecile S. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review Coal mine workers are at risk for a range of chronic respiratory diseases including coal workers' pneumoconiosis, diffuse dust-related fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The purpose of this review is to describe coal mining processes and associated exposures to inform the diagnostic evaluation of miners with respiratory symptoms. Recent findings Although rates of coal workers' pneumoconiosis declined after regulations were enacted in the 1970s, more recent data shows a reversal in this downward trend. Rapidly progressive pneumoconiosis with progressive massive fibrosis (complicated coal workers' pneumoconiosis) is being observed with increased frequency in United States coal miners, with histologic findings of silicosis and mixed-dust pneumoconiosis. There is increasing evidence of decline in lung function in individuals with pneumoconiosis. Multiple recent cohort studies suggest increased risk of lung cancer in coal miners. Summary A detailed understanding of coal mining methods and processes allows clinicians to better evaluate and confirm chronic lung diseases caused by inhalational hazards in the mine atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-178
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent opinion in pulmonary medicine
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • coal mining
  • pneumoconiosis
  • pulmonary fibrosis
  • silicosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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