The kinetics of the pulmonary endothelial uptake of serotonin (5-HT) were evaluated in isolated dog lung lobes using three methods. In method A serotonin was infused at various constant rates to provide a range of capillary concentrations that included K(m). The arterial and venous concentrations measured by high-performance liquid chromatography were then used to determine the effect of concentration on the rate of 5-HT uptake. In method B trace doses of 5-[3H]HT and a reference indicator (indocyanine green dye) were injected during each constant infusion of unlabeled 5-HT to provide a measure of unidirectional 5-HT uptake at each background concentration. In method C boluses containing different amounts of unlabeled 5-HT, along with the 5-[3H]HT and the dye, were injected such that each bolus resulted in a range of concentrations and provided a measure of the unidirectional uptake at each concentration. Each method provided the data needed to calculate the maximum uptake rate (V(max)) and the concentration at V(max)/2 (K(m), assuming that the uptake kinetics can be represented by the Michaelis-Menten equation. However, the mathematical model underlying each method involved different assumptions about the returning flux of the 5-HT which entered the endothelial cell and the heterogeneity of vascular transit times. The results obtained, considered in light of the different assumptions involved, indicate that all three methods can provide reasonable estimates of the mass transfer kinetic constant if the constant infusions of 5-HT are of short duration and/or the boluses are adequately dispersed prior to reaching the capillary bed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology|
|State||Published - 1984|
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