Lung transplantation in patients with lung disease secondary to coronavirus disease 2019 infection

Diego Avella, Ankit Bharat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of reviewIn this article, we describe preoperative patient selection and outcomes of patients with lung disease secondary to infection from COVID-19 who receive lung transplantation.Recent findingsLung transplants for patients with lung disease secondary to infection from COVID-19 have been performed successfully in over 200 patients in the United States. The preoperative course of these patients is somewhat atypical in comparison with patients who have had lung transplants related to chronic lung diseases, where there are more traditional indications for lung transplants. COVID-19 patients have more severe pulmonary disease often requiring mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal mechanical ventilation (ECMO), frequent nosocomial infections, and renal and cardiac dysfunction. The intraoperative course of these COVID-19 patients is often longer and requires increased transfusions of blood products in comparison with non-COVID-19 patients. Additionally, in the postoperative period, COVID-19 patients more frequently require mechanical ventilation and ECMO support. However, the survival rate of such patients at 6 months is greater than 90%.SummaryPatients with respiratory failure secondary to COVID-19 infection that require a lung transplant generally have a complicated preoperative course and the operations are more complex, but the long-term outcomes are excellent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-685
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent opinion in critical care
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022

Keywords

  • acute respiratory disease syndrome
  • coronavirus disease 2019
  • extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • lung
  • transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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