To increase awareness about lymphomatosis cerebri by describing a patient with a unique presentation Case report a 58 year old woman presented with progressive lower extremity weakness, postural hypotension, and 90 pound weight loss over 3 months a brain magnetic resonance image revealed multiple non-enhancing foci of T2 hyperintensity in the periventricular white matter despite treatment with corticosteroids, she expired autopsy demonstrated normal gross appearance of the brain and spinal cord microscopic inspection revealed diffuse infiltration of the central nervous system (CNS) parenchyma and white matter by large atypical B cells, consistent with a diagnosis of lymphomatosis cerebri lymphomatosis cerebri is a primary CNS lymphoma variant that is poorly recognized and often misdiagnosed it commonly presents as a rapidly progressive dementia, although patients may present with neurologic dysfunction without dementia diagnosis requires a pathological examination treatment with intravenous high-dose methotrexate based chemotherapy should be considered in appropriate patients.
- Lymphomatosis cerebri
- Primary central nervous system lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cancer Research