We have already established human xenographic models for the effect of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on tumor metastasis in vivo. The purpose of this work is to establish a preclinical LPA effect model in immunocompetent mice. We first characterized the mouse epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cell line ID8 for its responsiveness to LPA in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and compared these properties with those of human EOC. The signaling pathways related to cell migration were further investigated using pharmacologic and genetic approaches. The effects of LPA on the tumorigenesis of ID8 cells and mouse survival were then examined using two different mouse models (i.p. and orthotopic injections). LPA stimulated cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of mouse EOC ID8 cells in a manner closely resembling its activity in human EOC cells. The signaling pathways involved in LPA-induced cell migration in ID8 cells were also similar to those identified in human EOC cells. We have identified cyclooxygenase-1 and 15-lipoxygenase as two new signaling molecules involved in LPA-induced cell migration in both human and mouse EOC cells. In addition, LPA enhanced the tumorigenesis/metastasis of ID8 cell in vivo as assessed by increased tumor size, early onset of ascites formation, and reduced animal survival. We have established the first LPA-EOC preclinical model in immunocompetent mice. Because ID8 cells respond to LPA similar to human EOC cells, this model is very valuable in developing and testing therapeutic reagents targeting LPA in EOC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research