Macular Perfusion Deficits on OCT Angiography Correlate with Nonperfusion on Ultrawide-field Fluorescein Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy

Nicole L. Decker, Brandon V. Duffy, Ghazi O. Boughanem, Hisashi Fukuyama, Daniela Castellanos Canales, Peter L. Nesper, Manjot K. Gill, Amani A. Fawzi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the correlation between nonperfusion parameters on OCT angiography (OCTA) and ultrawide-field fluorescein angiography (UWF-FA) in subjects with diabetes mellitus (DM). Design: Prospective, cross-sectional study. Subjects: Subjects with DM and a wide range of diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity seen at a tertiary referral center. Methods: We used averaged 3 × 3 mm OCTA scans to measure geometric perfusion deficit (GPD), vessel density, and vessel length density in the full retina, superficial capillary plexuses (SCPs), and deep capillary plexuses (DCPs). Nonperfusion was manually delineated on UWF-FA to quantify central, peripheral, and total retinal nonperfusion (mm2 and % area). Main Outcome Measures: Correlation between OCTA parameters and UWF-FA nonperfusion, and accuracy of these OCTA and UWF-FA parameters in detecting clinically referable eyes, using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the ROC curve (AUC). Results: The study included 67 eyes (12 eyes with no signs of DR, 8 mild, 22 moderate, 14 severe nonproliferative DR, and 11 treatment-naive proliferative DR). There was a fair-to-moderate correlation between either central or total retinal nonperfusion on UWF-FA (mm2) and GPD in the SCP (r = 0.482 and r = 0.464, respectively) and DCP (r = 0.470 and r = 0.456, respectively). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed the DCP GPD significantly superior to other OCTA parameters at the DCP with the largest overall AUC on OCTA for distinguishing referable DR (0.905). Furthermore, the GPD parameter had the largest AUC in each respective capillary layer compared with other parameters. Overall, the total UWF-FA nonperfusion area showed a comparable AUC (0.907) and performed significantly better than peripheral nonperfusion (P = 0.041). Comparing the AUC values between GPD and UWF-FA nonperfusion parameters showed no significant difference in discerning referable DR. Conclusions: Nonperfusion as quantified on OCTA (3 × 3 mm) correlated with UWF-FA parameters and both were comparable in detecting referable DR. These macular OCTA metrics, particularly DCP GPD, have the potential for gauging the overall ischemic status of the retina, with an important clinical role in identifying eyes with clinically referable DR. Financial Disclosure(s): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-702
Number of pages11
JournalOphthalmology Retina
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Fluorescein angiography
  • OCT angiography
  • Retina
  • Retinal nonperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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