We numerically investigate the phase diagram of two-dimensional site-diluted coupled dimer systems in an external magnetic field. We show that this phase diagram is characterized by the presence of an extended Bose glass, not accessible to mean-field approximation, and stemming from the localization of two distinct species of bosonic quasiparticles appearing in the ground state. On the one hand, nonmagnetic impurities doped into the dimer-singlet phase of a weakly coupled dimer system are known to free up local magnetic moments. The deviations of these local moments from full polarization along the field can be mapped onto a gas of bosonic quasiparticles, which undergo condensation in zero and very weak magnetic fields, corresponding to transverse long-range antiferromagnetic order. An increasing magnetic field lowers the density of such quasiparticles to a critical value at which a quantum phase transition occurs, corresponding to the quasiparticle localization on clusters of local magnets (dimers, trimers, etc.) and to the onset of a Bose glass. Strong finite-size quantum fluctuations hinder further depletion of quasiparticles from such clusters, and thus lead to the appearance of pseudoplateaus in the magnetization curve of the system. On the other hand, site dilution hinders the field-induced Bose-Einstein condensation of triplet quasiparticles on the intact dimers, and it introduces instead a Bose glass of triplets. A thorough numerical investigation of the phase diagram for a planar system of coupled dimers shows that the two above-mentioned Bose glass phases are continuously connected, and they overlap in a finite region of parameter space, thus featuring a two-species Bose glass. The quantum phase transition from Bose glass to magnetically ordered phases in two dimensions is marked by novel universal exponents (z2, β0.9, and ν1). Hence we conclude that doped quantum antiferromagnets in a field represent an ideal setting for the study of fundamental dirty-boson physics.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Oct 22 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics