Magnetic-field-induced vortex-lattice transition in HgBa2CuO4+δ

Jeongseop A. Lee, Yizhou Xin, I. Stolt, W. P. Halperin, A. P. Reyes, P. L. Kuhns, M. K. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Measurements of the O17 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) quadrupolar spectrum of apical oxygen in HgBa2CuO4+δ were performed over a range of magnetic fields from 6.4-30 T in the superconducting state. Oxygen-isotope-exchanged single crystals were investigated with doping corresponding to superconducting transition temperatures from 74 K underdoped, to 78 K overdoped. The apical oxygen site was chosen since its NMR spectrum has narrow quadrupolar satellites that are well separated from any other resonance. Nonvortex contributions to the spectra can be deconvolved in the time domain to determine the local magnetic field distribution from the vortices. Numerical analysis using Brandt's Ginzburg-Landau theory was used to find structural parameters of the vortex lattice, penetration depth, and coherence length as a function of magnetic field in the vortex solid phase. From this analysis we report a vortex structural transition near 15 T from an oblique lattice with an opening angle of 73 at low magnetic fields to a triangular lattice with 60 stabilized at high field. The temperature for onset of vortex dynamics has been identified from spin-spin relaxation. This is independent of the magnetic field at sufficiently high magnetic field similar to that reported for YBa2Cu3O7 and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ and is correlated with mass anisotropy of the material. This behavior is accounted for theoretically only in the limit of very high anisotropy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number024512
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 23 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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