The interaction between radionuclides and nanomaterials could generate Cerenkov radiation (CR) for CR-induced photodynamic therapy (PDT) without requirement of external light excitation. However, the relatively weak CR interaction leaves clinicians uncertain about the benefits of this new type of PDT. Therefore, a novel strategy to amplify the therapeutic effect of CR-induced PDT is imminently required to overcome the disadvantages of traditional nanoparticulate PDT such as tissue penetration limitation, external light dependence, and low tumor accumulation of photosensitizers. Herein, magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) with 89Zr radiolabeling and porphyrin molecules (TCPP) surface modification (i.e., 89Zr-MNP/TCPP) were synthesized for CR-induced PDT with magnetic targeting tumor delivery. As a novel strategy to break the depth and light dependence of traditional PDT, these 89Zr-MNP/TCPP exhibited high tumor accumulation under the presence of an external magnetic field, contributing to excellent tumor photodynamic therapeutic effect together with fluorescence, Cerenkov luminescence (CL), and Cerenkov resonance energy transfer (CRET) multimodal imaging to monitor the therapeutic process. The present study provides a major step forward in photodynamic therapy by developing an advanced phototherapy tool of magnetism-enhanced CR-induced PDT for effective targeting and treatment of tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry