Objectives: To identify coping strategies associated with injury-related distress in a mixed sample of physically injured adults. Study Design: Correlational. Setting: Level 1 trauma center. Participants: Orthopedic hand (n = 22), multiple trauma (n = 35), and burn-injured patients (n = 11); ages 18-66; English speaking. Measures: Trauma Symptom Checklist-40 (TSC-40) and Brief Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced Scale. Results: Positive associations were found between 5 coping strategies and TSC-40 scores. Multiple regression revealed 3 strategies that explained significant variability in TSC-40 scores (R 2 = .36; emotional venting: β = .28, p = .02; behavioral disengagement: β = .25, p = .02; self-blame: β = .26, p = .05). Conclusions: Use of certain coping strategies was associated with injury-related distress among acutely injured adults. Psychosocial and educational interventions for coping in the immediate aftermath of traumatic physical injury may mediate and prevent injury-related distress.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health