Maladaptive coping strategies and injury-related distress following traumatic physical injury

David Victorson*, Lorie Farmer, Kent Burnett, Anne Ouellette, Joshua Barocas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Objectives: To identify coping strategies associated with injury-related distress in a mixed sample of physically injured adults. Study Design: Correlational. Setting: Level 1 trauma center. Participants: Orthopedic hand (n = 22), multiple trauma (n = 35), and burn-injured patients (n = 11); ages 18-66; English speaking. Measures: Trauma Symptom Checklist-40 (TSC-40) and Brief Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced Scale. Results: Positive associations were found between 5 coping strategies and TSC-40 scores. Multiple regression revealed 3 strategies that explained significant variability in TSC-40 scores (R 2 = .36; emotional venting: β = .28, p = .02; behavioral disengagement: β = .25, p = .02; self-blame: β = .26, p = .05). Conclusions: Use of certain coping strategies was associated with injury-related distress among acutely injured adults. Psychosocial and educational interventions for coping in the immediate aftermath of traumatic physical injury may mediate and prevent injury-related distress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-415
Number of pages8
JournalRehabilitation Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • Coping
  • Distress
  • Injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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