Malignant mediastinal germ-cell tumors in childhood: A report of two cases achieving long-term disease-free survival

Nobuko Hijiya, Reiko Horikawa, Takeji Matsushita*, Masaji Yamaguchi, Eijiro Noda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two cases of malignant mediastinal germ-cell tumor are reported. Case 1 is a 20-month-old girl with endodermal sinus tumor (EST) and is, to our best knowledge, the third female pediatric case of mediastinal EST in the literature. Case 2 is a 15-year-old boy with malignant teratoma (mature teratoma with poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma). Both cases were treated by primary combination chemotherapy of vincristine, actinomycin D, and cyclophosphamide or vinblastine, cisplatin, and bleomycin, secondary operation (complete resection), radiation to the tumor bed, and some courses of consolidation chemotherapy. Malignant mediastinal germ-cell tumors have been considered to have a poor prognosis, being different from gonadal tumors; however, long-term survivals with no evidence of recurrence were achieved both in case 1 (for 55 months) and in case 2 (for 56 months).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-440
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
Volume11
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

Keywords

  • Endodermal sinus tumor
  • Germ-cell tumor
  • Malignant teratoma
  • Mediastinal tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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