Mammalian Cdc7-Dbf4 protein kinase complex is essential for initiation of DNA replication

Wei Jiang*, David McDonald, Thomas J. Hope, Tony Hunter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

160 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Cdc7-Dbf4 kinase is essential for regulating initiation of DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Previously, we identified a human Cdc7 homolog, HsCdc7. In this study, we report the identification of a human Dbf4 homolog, HsDbf4. We show that HsDbf4 binds to HsCdc7 and activates HsCdc7 kinase activity when HsDbf4 and HsCdc7 are coexpressed in insect and mammalian cells. HsDbf4 protein levels are regulated during the cell cycle with a pattern that matches that of HsCdc7 protein kinase activity. They are low in G1, increase during G1-S, and remain high during S and G2-M. Purified baculovirus-expressed HsCdc7-HsDbf4 selectively phosphorylates the MCM2 subunit of the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) protein complex isolated by immunoprecipitation with MCM7 antibodies in vitro. Two-dimensional tryptic phosphopeptide-mapping analysis of in vivo 32P-labeled MCM2 from HeLa cells reveals that several major tryptic phosphopeptides of MCM2 comigrate with those of MCM2 phosphorylated by HsCdc7-HsDbf4 in vitro, suggesting that MCM2 is a physiological HsCdc7-HsDbf4 substrate. Immunoneutralization of HsCdc7-HsDbf4 activity by microinjection of anti-HsCdc7 antibodies into HeLa cells blocks initiation of DNA replication. These results indicate that the HsCdc7-HsDbf4 kinase is directly involved in regulating the initiation of DNA replication by targeting MCM2 protein in mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5703-5713
Number of pages11
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume18
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1999

Keywords

  • DNA replication
  • HsCdc7
  • HsDbf4
  • Kinase
  • MCM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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