Management of adverse effects of psychotropic medications

Courtney Romba*, Marisa Perez-Reisler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Psychotropic medications are an essential component of treating pediatric mental health disorders, and pediatricians are increasingly likely to prescribe them. Commonly used psychotropic medications include stimulants and nonstimulants used in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); antidepressants used in the treatment of anxiety and depression; and antipsychotics indicated for use in autism, schizophrenia, mood disorders, severe impulsivity, and aggression. Stimulants are commonly associated with appetite suppression and initial insomnia and nonstimulants for ADHD are associated with sedation. Antidepressants are generally well tolerated; adverse effects include behavioral activation early in treatment and, rarely, treatment-emergent mania and suicidal ideation. Potential adverse effects of atypical antipsychotics include weight gain and metabolic syndrome. Monitoring strategies are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e431-e435
JournalPediatric annals
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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