Management of community-acquired pneumonia in persons with spinal cord injury

S. P. Burns*, F. M. Weaver, J. P. Parada, C. T. Evans, H. Chang, R. Y. Hampton, V. Kapur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study design: Retrospective case series. Objectives: Respiratory disorders are the leading cause of death in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), but the epidemiology and medical management of pneumonia in persons with chronic SCI is not well characterized. We describe the clinical presentation of persons with SCI with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), characterize its management and compare practice to recommendations for CAP in the general population. Setting: Three United States Veterans Affairs Medical Centers with specialized SCI services. Methods: Chart abstraction was performed for all persons with chronic SCI seen at participating centers for treatment of CAP during a 2-year period. Collected data included presenting signs and symptoms, laboratory and imaging results, initial antibiotic therapy, secretion mobilization techniques, in-patient vs outpatient management, length of stay, and mortality. Results: In all, 41 persons with SCI received treatment for CAP during the study period. A total of 32 (78.0%) patients were admitted for treatment; two (4.8%) required intubation and mechanical ventilation. Initial antibiotic coverage met guideline recommendations for only half of inpatients and infrequently provided adequate antipseudomonal coverage. Microbiologic testing was performed on 26 cases (63.4%) and demonstrated a specific pathogen in only five cases (12.2% of total). Three cases (7.3%) died during treatment for CAP, and 16 (42.1%) of 38 CAP survivors died within a median follow-up of 3 years. Conclusion: The majority of chronic SCI patients who present to specialized SCI centers with CAP are admitted for treatment. Short-term mortality is comparable to CAP in the general population. Sponsorship: This research was supported by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)450-458
Number of pages9
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume42
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • Community-acquired pneumonia
  • Disease management
  • Spinal cord injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Burns, S. P., Weaver, F. M., Parada, J. P., Evans, C. T., Chang, H., Hampton, R. Y., & Kapur, V. (2004). Management of community-acquired pneumonia in persons with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 42(8), 450-458. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3101600