Management of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in the Emergency Department

Naomi R Fogel*, Donald Zimmerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diabetic ketoacidosis results from deficient insulin action and increased action of hormones such as catecholamines, glucagon, glucocorticoids, and growth hormone, which are produced during stress and which antagonize insulin's actions. Diabetic ketoacidosis is associated with a relatively high mortality rate. Treatment consists of appropriate fluid resuscitation, insulin infusion, adjustments of electrolytes and phosphate, and careful monitoring. The most common serious complication is cerebral edema.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-251
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Keywords

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • cerebral edema

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

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