Access to healthcare in Mexico is available to its population via publicly and privately funded institutions. The public sector, administered by both the local and federal government under the jurisdiction of the Department of Health, provides healthcare to the majority of the country's population. Privately funded institutions vary in size and scope of practice, ranging from small clinics focused on family practice, to large tertiary hospitals with capacity for treating patients with complex conditions and performing clinical research. The evaluation and treatment of patients with cancer in Mexico is also available through both sectors. In the country's capital, Mexico City, patients with glioblastoma are primarily treated at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery and the National Institute of Oncology. Epidemiological data is incomplete due to the lack of a national cancer registry. In the case of neoplasms of the central nervous system, the available information suggests that gliomas represent 33% of all intracranial tumors. The treatment of patients in Mexico diagnosed with glioblastoma has not been standardized owing to the lack of resources in some communities and the expense of antineoplastic agents. Current options range from a biopsy only to maximal safe resection followed by adjuvant treatment with radiation and chemotherapy. Currently, basic science and clinical research is being conducted in academic institutions associated with universities and in private hospitals. Studies include the evaluation of tumor biology, neuroimaging biomarkers and new treatment options such as the use of chloroquine.
- International perspective
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