Management of intracranial fungal infections in patients with haematological malignancies

Gloria Mattiuzzi*, Francis J. Giles

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The incidence of, and mortality associated with, invasive fungal infections remains far higher than hoped. As a consequence of the overall increase in the incidence of such infections over time, the incidence of central nervous system (CNS) fungal infections is also increasing and, despite improvements in diagnostic techniques and the introduction of novel antifungal agents, therapy for CNS infections is still associated with discouragingly poor results. In patients with haematological malignancies, opportunistic infections with Candida or Aspergillus remain the most common infections affecting the CNS; however, opportunistic infections with less well-known fungi are becoming more common and must be considered in the differential diagnosis. New techniques for the early diagnosis of invasive fungal infections are emerging. Pharmacologic options for treating invasive fungal infections have also improved during the past few years, with new drugs becoming available that have broader antifungal spectra and better safety profiles. Other novel treatment approaches, such as combination therapy, are also being explored. Early investigations have produced encouraging results; however, large, prospective studies involving many patients are necessary to validate the widespread use of these approaches. This review analyses the existing guidelines for treatment of CNS fungal infections and the literature available on the use of new drugs to generate sets of recommendations for treatment of these life-threatening infections in patients with haematological malignancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-300
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Central nervous system
  • Fungal infections
  • Haematological malignancies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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