More than 75 per cent of the patients with spinal dysraphisms followed at our hospital are on intermittent catheterization. A previous report indicated that 62 per cent of 200 children with reflux and a neurogenic bladder either ceased to have reflux or reflux was downgraded while on intermittent catheterization and chronic antibiotics. We report on those children in whom either reflux did not stop while on the program, or who presented with high grades of reflux not amenable to cure by intermittent catheterization. During the last 4 years 25 children (40 ureters) required antireflux surgery. The criterion of repair was presistent reflux of at least grade IIB, associated with recurrent episodes of infection. A modified Leadbetter-Politano technique was used in 5 children (7 ureters) and the Cohen cross-trigonal technique was used in 20 children (33 ureters). A successful result, that is cessation of reflux and no obstruction, was achieved in 96 per cent of the patients. During the last 2 years the Cohen cross-trigonal technique has been used exclusively and there have been no failures. This successful result in 96 per cent of the children with neurogenic bladder indicates that while clean intermittent catheterization should be used primarily to relieve reflux, in a select group of children antireflux surgery should be done and clean intermittent catheterization should be continued.
ASJC Scopus subject areas