Learning Objectives: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the epidemiology, classification, and anatomy pertinent to the scaphoid. 2. Appropriately evaluate a patient with suspected scaphoid fracture, including appropriate imaging. 3. Understand the indications for operative treatment of scaphoid fractures, and be familiar with the various surgical approaches. 4. Describe the treatment options for scaphoid nonunion and avascular necrosis of the proximal pole. Summary: The goal of this continuing medical education module is to present the preoperative assessment and the formation and execution of a surgical treatment plan for acute fractures of the scaphoid. In addition, secondary surgical options for treatment of scaphoid nonunion and avascular necrosis are discussed.
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