Management of the Difficult Pediatric Airway

Jacob Heninger, Mitchell Phillips, Andrea Huang, Narasimhan Jagannathan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: This review discusses the most current relevant literature regarding management of the difficult pediatric airway. Recent Findings: Periodic review of the latest research ensures that anesthesia providers are educated on the most current practices. The review will provide practical evidence to support the use of various devices and techniques, including video laryngoscopy, flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy, apneic oxygenation, use of neuromuscular blockade, ultrasound, and more. A simple algorithm for managing the difficult pediatric airway is also provided. Understanding the risk factors for the difficult pediatric airway, along with thorough preparation, will aid in reducing complications, which can be devastating. Summary: Providers must maintain proficiency in the skills, both traditional and novel, required to effectively and safely manage the expected and unexpected difficult pediatric airway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-369
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Anesthesiology Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Apneic oxygenation
  • Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy
  • Neuromuscular blockade
  • Pediatric difficult airway management
  • Supraglottic airway device
  • Video laryngoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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