Manifestations of bodily isomerism

Rohit S. Loomba*, Muhammad M. Ahmed, Diane E. Spicer, Carl L. Backer, Robert H. Anderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


We report the findings present in 49 postmortem specimens from patients with so-called heterotaxy, concentrating on those found in the extracardiac systems of organs. Also known as bodily isomerism, we suggest that it is important to segregate the syndromes into their isomeric subtypes to be able to make inferences regarding likely extracardiac and intracardiac findings to allow for proper surveillance. We demonstrate that this is best done on the basis of the atrial appendages, which were isomeric in all the hearts obtained from the specimens available for our inspection. The abdominal organs do not demonstrate isomerism, and they show variable features when compared to the isomeric atrial appendages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-180
Number of pages8
JournalCardiovascular Pathology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2016


  • Bronchial
  • Heterotaxy
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Infection
  • Isomerism
  • Spleen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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